The fight to mitigate climate change requires the integration of renewable energy into the energy mix. This move allows entities that need the energy to stop their dependence on fossil fuels and take up these clean energy habits. The UK government stated its plan of achieving net-zero emissions by focusing on renewable energy sources.
Various changes leading to the exploration of renewable energy sources have started characterizing the globe with the likes of developing electric cars, installing electric vehicle charging points, and developing smart charging appliances. Another variable that can be tweaked to get the best renewable energy is solar panels’ deployment to generate affordable energy. Every green energy plan helps to propel the globe to the resolution of climate change problems.
Very soon, renewable energy will be responsible for over half of the international electricity production. This piece will be evaluating the sources that will make this statement true. First is hydropower which accounts for about 1295 gigawatts of global energy production. This quantity is over half of the global renewable energy capacity. The most understood hydropower is generated from water in dams.
As the water flows down the opening, it activates the turbines to run generating electricity. The UK utilizes its mega hydropower station at Dinorwig in Wales to produce 1728 megawatts of power that can be utilized as backup energy in other instances. The giant hydropower plant in the world is the Three Gorges in China, which produce 22.5GW. The country has prioritized this plant to minimize its dependence on coal energy.
Next is wind energy, where the wind activates wind turbines to generate kinetic energy that is convertible to electricity. This source generates about 563 GW of global renewable energy production. Various countries have shown interest in this type of energy, with those close to waterbodies assuming the offshore wind farms.
The other entities which dwell in landlocked countries develop onshore wind energy farms. A close relative to this type of renewable is solar energy. Solar energy involves the conversion of light energy from the sun to electricity. Many homes have adjusted to this energy system by installing solar photovoltaic panels on their rooftops. The advantage of these panels is that they are sensitive to trap even the slightest energy the weather changes.
Biopower follows the concept of converting biofuels and wood pellets by combustion to create steam which then runs turbines to generate energy. Countries that have tried this technology include China, UK, and India. Finally, we have geothermal energy. Geothermal energy is energy generated from the Earth. Typically, the hot substances from the interior of the Earth are ideal sources of energy.